Scientists found a human jawbone in an Israeli cave that is between 177,000 and 194,000 years old. It has been claimed by other scientists in what has been called the "out of Africa origin of humans,” that humans left Africa 90,000 to 120,000 years ago. If the Israel scientists claim is confirmed, this would make the Israeli find 50,000 years older than humans leaving Africa. If it is confirmed, the new discovery would therefore unravel the narrative of the out of Africa origin of humans. There are, of course, other ancient humans, such as the Neanderthal and early Homo Sapiens. What the scientists should make clear is their belief that those humans who gave rise to the races of modern men came from Israel. Perhaps, if this is the case, Cro-Magnon man migrated from the Middle East, not necessarily out of Africa. There are, for that matter, indications that there was a variety of Neanderthal man in East Africa. But--and this is important—modern man, according to scientists in Israel, evolved in the Middle East, more specifically in Israel. This, if it is true, will shake the foundations of archeology and human paleontology.